Podcast # 2: The Executive Branch Part I

Article 2 of the Constitution

Requirements: U.S. born Citizen; 35 years old, resident of the U.S. for 14 years

Term: 4 years

A Precedent of two terms set by George Washington was followed until FDR and after the 22nd amendment was passed to the Constitution – 2 terms a total of no more than 10 years.

Roles of the President

enforces the law In charge of the Executive Branch Commander in chief

Appoints officials to lead various Executive Departments

Appoints Cabinet members, federal judges and ambassadors

Make /Issue Executive orders

Can propose legislation (ex: New Deal)

Help to negotiate treaties (Congress must approve before it becomes a law)

Can pardon individuals convicted of a crime

Veto bills passed by Congress – 10 days to sign

Pocket Veto – let the bill die – bill received within the final 10 days of the session.

Restrictions of the President

(Checks and Balances) President can appoint officials but the Senate must approve

Legislative branch can override a Presidential Veto Can’t declare war

President does have the right to send troops to an area

Executive orders can be found Unconstitutional

War powers Act of 1973

Role of the V.P.

Constitution has a very limited description

President of the Senate – can’t vote unless there is a tie

The roles and influence of the VP is decided by the President. Usually take into account the strengths, talents and experience

Some have hated each other Ex: Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun

Ex. Commerce and Trade, Judiciary Committee, Transportation and Infrastructure

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